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Gold at Gara

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Saturday 21 September 1861, The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser

(From the Armidale Express, Sept. 14.)

The Gara Station, which is the property of Mr. Allingham, is situated on the Gara River, an Eastern water, about ten miles from Armidale. The diggings-if such they can be called, where only one man is at work-are about a mile up the river from the head station. The country in the vicinity is rather rough, and from the form of the hills, the river apparently has shifted but very little since it first cut its way through the mountains, and consequently the water is confined to a narrow bed. All the ridges in the vicinity consist of trap, based on a granite formation or bed-rock. The trap, which extends for a few miles, is bounded on each side, above and below, by a granite country, the granite boundary originally forming bars, since filled up by trap in a state of lava, of course of a more recent formation.

What the thickness of this trap is between the two bars, where the river now runs I do not pretend to sty, but I am under the impression that where the trap now rests on the granite must once have been a lake, dammed by the lower bar of granite. The surface of the trap on the several bills takes various formations-some are blended with white and various coloured quartz, and in others it is mixed with silica. Again, it takes the form of slate standing on its edge, the cleavage running north and south, and in its junction with the granite on the lower side, the latter is so fine in texture that in outward appearance the difference is scarcely to be distinguished. Notwithstanding such favourable formations, I do not believe them to constitute the source from which the gold in the banks of the river, and in the river bed, has come, for the sign of gold is not to be found on these ridges or in the gullies leading from them. Still I think that the locality is gold-bearing, and that of a nuggetty nature, to be found only under neath the trap-rock resting on the original base of granite.

The party whom I found at work surfacing showed me 8 dwts. of gold, which he had procured in four days. It was drift gold, of a very fine, scaly nature, and I am satisfied it came from a distance, and was the product of a granite country, not of a trap. His claim, on which he was working, is on the lee side of a point which runs into the river, and is of very recent deposit, now forming the bank of the river, behind which is still to be seen where the river formerly ran.

Written by macalba

September 20, 2010 at 8:02 pm

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